Chii chine mavara ekuberekwa?

Isu tinokuudza kuti zvinhu zvose pamusoro pematombo ekuberekwa hazvisi vesayenzi. Saka tiri kubva mumunda wesayenzi yezvidzidzo.
Vanhu vazhinji vane hanya munyaya iyi, saka heino mhinduro dzekutsvakurudza kwedu kupa tsanangudzo yakajeka yematombo ekuberekwa.

Matombo ekuberekwa | Ndira | Kukadzi | Kurume | Kubvumbi | Chivabvu | Chikumi | Chikunguru | Nyamavhuvhu | Gunyana | Gumiguru | Mbudzi | Zvita

mabwe ekuzvarwa

Dombo rekuzvarwa ibwe rinomiririra mwedzi wemunhu wekuzvarwa.

Tsika yeWestern

Wezvenhoroondo wechiJudha wezana ramakore wekutanga Josephus aidavira kuti paive nekubatana pakati pematombo gumi nemaviri ari muhombodo yechipfuva yaAaron. Kumiririra madzinza evaIsraeri, sekutsanangurwa muBhuku raEksodo. Mwedzi gumi nembiri yegore, uye zvakare gumi nembiri zviratidzo zvezodhiac. Dudziro uye kududzirwa kwendima iri munaEksodho zvine chekuita nechidzitiro chepachipfuva chakasiyana zvakasiyana. Josephus pachake anopa zvinyorwa zviviri zvakasiyana zvematombo gumi nemaviri. George Kunz anoti Josephus akaona chipfuva cheTemberi yeChipiri, kwete iyo yakatsanangurwa munaEksodho. St. Jerome, achidudza Josephus, akati Foundation Stones yeNew Jerusalem ichave yakakodzera kuti maKristu ashandise.

Muzana ramakore rechisere nechipfumbamwe, zvinyorwa zvechitendero zvinobatanidza dombo nemuapositori zvakanyorwa, kuitira kuti "zita ravo rinyorwe paSiseko Stones, uye nekunaka kwake." Kudzidzira kwakave kwekuchengetedza matombo gumi nemaviri uye kupfeka rimwe pamwedzi. Tsika yekupfeka dombo rekuzvarwa riine mazana mashoma emakore, kunyangwe zviremera zvazvino zvichisiyana pamisi. Kunz inoisa tsika yacho muzana ramakore gumi nemasere Poland, nepo Gemological Institute of America ichitanga kuGerman muma1560s.

Zvinyorwa zvemazuva ano zvematombo ekuberekwa zvine chekuita nechekuvharisa chipfuva kana hwaro hweMatombo eChiKristu. Zvinodiwa, tsika uye shanduro dzinovhiringidza zvakavaendesa kure nekwavakabva munhoroondo, nemunyori mumwe akadana 1912 Kansas rondedzero "pasina chinhu kunze kwekutengesa kusina hwaro."

Matombo ekuzvarwa patsva

Zvizvarwa zvekare zvekuberekwa kwetsika zvizvarwa zvevanhu zvinotakura vana. Tafura iri pasi iri inewo mabwe mazhinji ayo anosarudzwa, kakawanda anoratidza chiPolish tsika.

Kune nhetembo dzinoenderana mwedzi wega wega wekhalenda yaGregory nedombo rekuzvarwa. Aya ndiwo mabwe echinyakare enharaunda dzinotaura Chirungu. Tiffany & Co akaburitsa nhetembo idzi kekutanga mune rimwe bhuku muna 1870.

Matombo ekuzvarwa patsva

Muna 1912, mukuedza kuenzanisa matombo ekuberekwa, American National Association of Jewellers, ikozvino inonzi Jewelers of America, yakasangana muKansas uye yakagamuchira zvakarongwa urongwa. IJewelry Industry Council of America yakarongedza urongwa mu1952 nekuwedzera Alexandrite munaJune, citrine nokuda kweNovember uye piniki Tourmaline yaGumiguru. Ivo vakatsiva lapis yaDecember ne zircon uye kushandura chekutanga / mamwe majeko emusi waMarch. IAmerican Gem Trade Association yakawedzera zvakare Tanzanite sebwe reDecember rokuzvarwa muna 2002. Muna 2016, American Gem Trade Association uye Jewelers of America yakawedzera Spinel sedombo rekuzvarwa raAugust. Britain National Association yeGoldsmiths yakagadzirawo yavo yakatarwa rondedzero yematombo ekuberekwa muna 1937.

Eastern Traditions

Zvitendero zveEasternEse dzinocherechedza mararamiro akafanana emashizha anoenderana nekuzvarwa, asi panzvimbo yekubatanidza gemero nemwedzi wekuzvarwa, mabwe anokosha anoshamwaridzana nemitumbi yekudenga, uye kuongorora nyeredzi kunoshandiswa kugona matombo anokosha anowirirana uye anobatsira kune mumwe munhu. Semuenzaniso, muchiHindu kune mazita ematombo mapfumbamwe muNavagraha. Masimba ekudenga anosanganisira mapuraneti, uyewo zuva, nemwedzi, inozivikanwa muchiSanskrit seVarataratna (mapfumbamwe mapfumbamwe). Pakuberekwa, chati chenyeredzi chinoratidzwawo. Mamwe mabwe anokurudzirwa kuti apfeke pamuviri kuti abvise matambudziko angangodaro. Kubva pane nzvimbo yemasimba aya mudenga panzvimbo chaiyo uye nguva yekuzvarwa.

Matombo okuberekwa nemitemo

Mwedzi15th - zana ramakoreUS (1912)US (2016)Britain (2013)
NdiraGarnetGarnetGarnetGarnet
Kukadziametestihiacinth,
pera
ametestiametestiametesti
Kurumeropastone, jasperropastone,
Tria Rose
Tria Rose,
ropastone
Tria Rose,
ropastone
Kubvumbidiamond, safayadhayamondidhayamondidiamond, dombo njenjere
ChivabvuneemaradhiAgateneemaradhineemaradhineemaradhikirisopirasi *
Chikumiziso rekati,
tekoiziAgate
peramoonstoneperamoonstone,
alexandrite
peramoonstone
ChikungurutekoizieonikisiRubyRubyruby, mune ibwe rerubhi
Nyamavhuvhusardonyxmune ibwe rerubhi, moonstone, netopasisardonyxperidotperidotSpinelperidotsardonyx
Gunyanachrysolitesafayasafayasafayalapis lazuli
GumiguruhiakindiTria RosehiakindiTourmalinehiakindiTourmalinehiakindi
Mbudzinetopasiperanetopasinetopasicitrinenetopasicitrine
Zvitaropa, rubytekoizilapis lazulitekoizizircon,
Tanzanite
Tanzanitetekoizi

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