Chii chine mavara ekuberekwa?

Isu tinokuudza kuti zvinhu zvose pamusoro pematombo ekuberekwa hazvisi vesayenzi. Saka tiri kubva mumunda wesayenzi yezvidzidzo.
Vanhu vazhinji vane hanya munyaya iyi, saka heino mhinduro dzekutsvakurudza kwedu kupa tsanangudzo yakajeka yematombo ekuberekwa.

Matombo ekuberekwa | Ndira | Kukadzi | Kurume | Kubvumbi | Chivabvu | Chikumi | Chikunguru | Nyamavhuvhu | Gunyana | Gumiguru | Mbudzi | Zvita

mabwe ekuzvarwa

Dombo rekuzvarwa ibwe rinomiririra mwedzi wemunhu wekuzvarwa.

Tsika yeWestern

Wezvenhoroondo wechiJudha wezana ramakore wekutanga Josephus aidavira kuti paive nekubatana pakati pematombo gumi nemaviri ari muhombodo yechipfuva yaAaron. Kumiririra madzinza evaIsraeri, sekutsanangurwa muBhuku raEksodho. Mwedzi gumi nembiri yegore, uye zvakare gumi nembiri zviratidzo zve nyeredzi.

Dudziro uye kududzirwa kwendima iri munaEksodho zvine chekuita nechidzitiro chechipfuva chakasiyana zvakasiyana. Josephus pachake anopa mazita maviri akasiyana ematombo gumi nemaviri. George Kunz anoti Josephus akaona chipfuva cheTemberi yeChipiri, kwete iyo yakatsanangurwa munaEksodho. St. Jerome, achidudza Josephus, akati Foundation Stones yeNew Jerusalem ichave yakakodzera kuti maKristu ashandise.

Muzana ramakore rechisere nechipfumbamwe, zvinyorwa zvechitendero zvinobatanidza dombo nemuapositori zvakanyorwa, kuitira kuti "zita ravo rinyorwe paSiseko Stones, uye nekunaka kwake." Kudzidzira kwakave kwekuchengetedza matombo gumi nemaviri uye kupfeka rimwe pamwedzi.

Tsika yekupfeka dombo rekuzvarwa rimwe chete ingori mazana mashoma emakore, kunyangwe zviremera zvazvino zvichisiyana pamisi. Kunz inoisa tsika yacho muzana ramakore gumi nemasere Poland, nepo Gemological Institute of America ichitanga kuGerman muma1560s.

Zvinyorwa zvemazuva ano zvematombo ekuberekwa zvine chekuita nechekuvharisa chipfuva kana hwaro hweMatombo eChiKristu. Zvinodiwa, tsika uye shanduro dzinovhiringidza zvakavaendesa kure nekwavakabva munhoroondo, nemunyori mumwe akadana 1912 Kansas rondedzero "pasina chinhu kunze kwekutengesa kusina hwaro."

Matombo ekuzvarwa patsva

Zvizvarwa zvekare zvekuberekwa kwetsika zvizvarwa zvevanhu zvinotakura vana. Tafura iri pasi iri inewo mabwe mazhinji ayo anosarudzwa, kakawanda anoratidza chiPolish tsika.

Kune nhetembo dzinoenderana mwedzi wega wega wekhalenda yaGregory nedombo rekuzvarwa. Aya ndiwo mabwe echinyakare enharaunda dzinotaura Chirungu. Tiffany & Co akaburitsa nhetembo idzi kekutanga mune rimwe bhuku muna 1870.

Matombo ekuzvarwa patsva

Muna 1912, mukuedza kuenzanisa matombo ekuberekwa, American National Association of Jewellers, ikozvino inonzi Jewelers of America, yakasangana muKansas uye yakagamuchira zvakarongwa urongwa. IJewelry Industry Council of America yakarongedza urongwa mu1952 nekuwedzera Alexandrite munaJune, citrine nokuda kweNovember uye piniki Tourmaline yaGumiguru.

Ivo vakatsiva lapis yaDecember na zircon uye kushandura chekutanga / mamwe majeko emusi waMarch. IAmerican Gem Trade Association yakawedzera zvakare Tanzanite sebwe reDecember rokuzvarwa muna 2002. Muna 2016, American Gem Trade Association uye Jewelers of America yakawedzera Spinel sedombo rekuzvarwa rekuwedzera muna Nyamavhuvhu.

Britain National Association yeGoldsmiths yakagadzirawo yavo yakasarudzika runyorwa rwematombo ekuberekwa muna 1937.

Eastern Traditions

Tsika dzekuMabvazuva dzinocherekedza yakafanana matombo ematombo ane chekuita nekuzvarwa, kunyangwe panzvimbo pekusanganisa dombo nemwedzi wekuzvarwa, matombo anokosha anofambidzana nemitumbi yekudenga, uye ruzivo rwenyeredzi runoshandiswa kuona matombo anonyanyoenderana uye anobatsira mumwe munhu.

Semuenzaniso, muchiHindu pane matombo mapfumbamwe muNavagraha. Masimba ekudenga anosanganisira mapuraneti, zvakare zuva, nemwedzi, anozivikanwa muSanskrit seNavaratna (matombo mapfumbamwe).

Pakuberekwa, chati yekuongorora nyeredzi inoverengwawo. Mamwe matombo anokurudzirwa kuti apfeke mumuviri kudzivirira matambudziko angangoitika. Zvichienderana nenzvimbo yemasimba aya mudenga panzvimbo chaiyo uye nguva yekuzvarwa.

Matombo okuberekwa nemitemo

Mwedzi 15th - zana ramakore US (1912) US (2016) Britain (2013)
Ndira Garnet Garnet Garnet Garnet
Kukadzi ametestihiacinth,
pera
ametesti ametesti ametesti
Kurume ropastone, jasper ropastone,
Tria Rose
Tria Rose,
ropastone
Tria Rose,
ropastone
Kubvumbi diamond, safaya dhayamondi dhayamondi diamond, dombo njenjere
Chivabvu neemaradhiAgate neemaradhi neemaradhi neemaradhikirisopirasi *
Chikumi ziso rekati,
tekoiziAgate
peramoonstone peramoonstone,
alexandrite
peramoonstone
Chikunguru tekoizieonikisi Ruby Ruby ruby, mune ibwe rerubhi
Nyamavhuvhu sardonyxmune ibwe rerubhi, moonstone, netopasi sardonyxperidot peridotSpinel peridotsardonyx
Gunyana chrysolite safaya safaya safayalapis lazuli
Gumiguru hiakindiTria Rose hiakindiTourmaline hiakindiTourmaline hiakindi
Mbudzi netopasipera netopasi netopasicitrine netopasicitrine
Zvita ropa, ruby tekoizilapis lazuli tekoizizircon,
Tanzanite
Tanzanitetekoizi